Environmental and Ecological Inequalities: Appropriate Responses in Territories and ServicesBy Issa Sory, Bernard Tallet
This paper analyses the relationship between urban planning and environmental inequalities, based on analysis of the waste sector in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso, which is held to be in the vanguard of reforms in this domain in West Africa. Indeed, since 2005, the Municipality with the support of the World Bank, has implemented a master plan for waste management in order to reorganize the sector: provisional dumping centres – called “collection centres” – and a Centre for Waste Treatment and Reuse (CTVD) have been built. For a more efficient distribution of pre-collection stakeholders throughout the urban area, the city has been subdivided into twelve collection districts, allocated to private firms as part of a Public-Private partnership. The analysis of this first urban service delegation reveals spatial inequalities based on the distribution of collection centres throughout the city. The roles that actors in the sector play contributes to reinforcing unequal access to the waste management service and underlines the marginalisation of an important part of the population in a fragmented city.