The economic globalization in the nineteenth century was the root of a deep transformation of trade seaports which became the first multimodal platforms in history. The new conditions of sea and inland transport submitted the ports to a permanence adjustment logic. which required large investments and was therefore very selective. From then on, what was at stake was the possibility to offer the best foreland / hinterland interface, which appeared as necessary condition to catch new sea and inland traffic, as-well as to attract heavy industry which became a decisive factor of the growth of the ports at the end of the nineteenth century.
Special Report: Port TrafficBy Bruno Marnot