Proximity Is Back!By Antoine Tabourdeau, Gilles Debizet
The intertwining between cities and networks has been largely reshaped by the development of renewable energies. Due to the rise of self-consumption, new intermediary organisations are being set up between energy networks (electricity, gas and district heating) and urban spaces, hybridising energy flows supplied through public networks and those produced by on-the-spot renewable energies. Considering the urban energy system as an assemblage of SENs (Socio-Energy Nodes), this article lists four generic SENs linked by intermediary organisations. Each of them combines spatial and organized proximity in specific ways.